The name aquamarine was derived from the Latin word meaning seawater as the gem matches that of the sea. It is found in cavities, granite, sandy deposits of gravel and stream gravels. The best quality aquamarines are from Brazil however it is found in many other countries Madagascar, India, Pakistani, Afghanistan, Nigeria and United States. The colour ranges from colourless pale blue to blue-green or teal. Sea green colours was previously most popular but today the bluer the gem the more valuable it is, hence heat treatment is used to enhance the colour and clarity of the stone. The Greeks and Romans knew this gem as sailors gem as they believed the gem kept sailors safe and prevented seasickness. Aquamarine is the birthstone for March also it is a gem given at 16th and 19th wedding anniversaries. The most popular cut for aquamarine is the emerald cut followed by oval and pear.
Aquamarine is a durable gemstone however it needs special care to keep it looking as good as the day you bought it. Aquamarine should be stored in a soft pouch or jewellery box to prevent scratching. Soap and liquid cleaners should be avoided as these may cause the stone to become dull. Harsh detergents or chemicals such as bleach or chlorine could cause erosion of the stone. To clean aquamarine rinse thoroughly with water and dry with a soft jewellery cloth.