Is a French word derived from the Arabic word “faridat” meaning gem. It is mainly found among rocks that have been created by volcanoes and buried deep underground, so wherever there is volcanoes there are bound for this mineral to be found. The first peridot is dated back to 4000years where it was found in St. Johns Island which is known today as Egypt.
Peridot comes in green colour only unlike other gems and the iron properties in the stone creates the different shade of greens and hues of yellow. As with all gems it does have inclusions. There is no synthetic nor are manmade versions of peridot available however imitations available in glass, when purchasing make sure it is from a recognised jeweller. It was known as evening emerald by the ancient romans as the green hue was vivid in the evening lights. It is said 15 century crusaders brought back this gem from Egypt where it was believed it ward of demons and brought peace, luck and success into one’s life.
Peridot is a soft gem and needs to be safe from extreme wear and tear, it can be cut in different shapes however the best setting is the bezel. It is relatively priced therefore affordable by many. It is the birthstone for August and 15th wedding anniversary.
To retain the beauty of peridot it must be treated with special care and attention as it is reasonably durable but needs care and attention to keeping it looking at its best. It must be stored in a soft pouch or jewellery box away from other jewellery to prevent it from scratching. Soap and liquid cleaners should be avoided as these may cause dulling of the stone. Harsh detergents and bleach such as chlorine can cause erosion. Peridot can be cleaned in warm water and rinsed thoroughly before drying with a soft jewellery cloth. Avoid ultrasonic steam cleaning as sudden heat can cause damage to the stone.